Other projects

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FORTRESS liaises with and/or relates to the project listed below:



SnowBall consists in a deep analysis of cascading effects and development of methods to anticipate them; and in a Decision Support System able to display current crisis monitoring and results of simulated decisions integrating cascading effects, thanks to a data collection system, an Events Log Database, Simulators and a Dashboard. SnowBall innovates in its modular approach to crises, its modelling techniques, its agent-supported coupled grid simulations, its generic Events Log Database and tools to follow public behaviour (Emergency Alert, social networks, mobile application).



CIPRNet performs research and development that addresses a wide range of stakeholders including (multi)national emergency management, critical infrastructure operators, policy makers, and the society. By integrating resources of the CIPRNet partners acquired in more than 60 EU co-funded research projects, CIPRNet will create new advanced capabilities for its stakeholders. A key technology for the new capabilities will be modelling, simulation and analysis for CIP. CIPRNet builds a long-lasting virtual centre of shared and integrated knowledge and expertise in CIP. This virtual centre shall provide durable support from research to end users. It will form the foundation for the European Infrastructures Simulation & Analysis Centre (EISAC) by 2020.



DRIVER is a large-scale demonstration project, funded under the EU 7th Framework Programme, that addresses concept development, experimentation and innovation activities in crisis management (CM) and which is aimed at improving European resilience (the ability to withstand and recover from unexpected shocks) and response in the face of major incidents and disasters. The project started in May 2014 and will run until October 2018. DRIVER addresses the needs for European crisis management identified by previous EU-funded projects like ACRIMAS and CRYSIS. DRIVER seeks to achieve step-wise innovation that is based on the systematic assessment and iterative adaptation of research results to operational requirements in three main thematic strands: civil society resilience, professional response (Command & Control) and evolved learning. In this context DRIVER’s overall mission is to improve crisis management through more systematic testing and assessment of novel crisis management solutions, thereby creating more rational grounds for their operational uptake or otherwise. By thus improving the interaction between users and solutions providers DRIVER aims at strengthening the European CM innovation eco-system.



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CascEff (Cascading effects) is a three year project that started in April 2014. The aim of the project is to model dependencies and cascading effects for emergency management in crisis situations. Like FORTRESS it will produce tools and models. The proposed models of dependences and effects in crisis situations will elaborate on the extent of the risk for crisis situations. CascEff has eleven partners from five countries.



COBACORE is an FP7-funded research project involving partners from across Europe. The aim of the project is to enable a faster and more efficient emergency response in the wake of a large-scale disaster. To do this, the COBACORE platform and tools use information and capabilities from the affected community and build upon this to close the collaboration gaps between victims, volunteers and professional emergency responders.



First responders need innovative holistic solutions to help them address the current gaps in communication and improve health outcomes. Thus COncORDE (Development of Coordination Mechanisms During Different Kinds of Emergencies)‘s gap analysis has elicited the general “hands-on” practical needs to bridge the gaps for better provision of patient-centred emergency response. Innovation does not imply changing the way of doing things. The innovation is about finding smart solutions to enable first responders to “do what they usually do” better. The COncORDE project will develop a Decision Support System (DSS) to improve preparedness and interoperability of medical services during an emergency which affects the health of the population at local, regional or cross-border level. The project will incorporate existing operational assets related to security, trust and infrastructure and leverage them within the DSS.




The CRISMA project focuses on large scale crisis scenarios with immediate and extended human, societal, structural and economic, often irreversible, consequences and impacts. Typically, these crisis scenarios cannot be managed alone with regular emergency and first responder resources, but require multi-organisational and multi-national cooperation including humanitarian aid. CRISMA’s 17 partners aim at developing a simulation-based decision support system, for modelling crisis management, improved action and preparedness. The CRISMA System shall facilitate simulation and modelling of realistic crisis scenarios, possible response actions, and the impacts of crisis depending on both the external factors driving the crisis development and the various actions of the crisis management team.



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DISASTER (Data Interoperability Solution At STakeholders Emergency Reaction), is a three year project (February 2012 – January 2015) addressing the challenge of information exchange in an international crisis episode due to cultural, linguistic and legal differences between stakeholders. Misunderstandings slow down decision-making and make it more difficult. IT-based Emergency Management Systems (EMS) currently present significant interoperability problems that need to be solved towards a proper information exchange and understanding between heterogeneous systems located in different countries, and operating within different contexts. DISASTER addresses interoperability from a broad perspective (including differences in language, culture, background, data representation, or format and protocol standards), providing a seamless interoperability solution for EMS-to-EMS communication and information sharing, based on a common ontology, and a Service Oriented Architecture mediation and translation services. DISASTER involves seven partners, of which Treelogic and VRK are also involved in FORTRESS.





emBRACE (Building Resilience Amongst Communities in Europe) is a four year project that started in October 2011. The primary aim of the emBRACE project is to build resilience to disasters amongst communities in Europe. To achieve this, it is considered vital to merge forces in research knowledge, networking and practices as a prerequisite for more coherent scientific approaches. Like FORTRESS, emBRACE analyses past crisis events to gain more insight into the dynamics of impact.




EPISECC (Establish pan-European information space to enhance security of citizens). In a disaster situation three things contribute to a success: having the right resource available in the shortest time, with the highest relevance and at the right location. Access to necessary information, communication with other rescuers and stakeholders as well as the availability of resources are key factors in minimizing damage and loss of life. Large-scale disasters and crisis situations increase the requirements on man and material exponentially. Additional challenges, in particular in cross border events, include language barriers, knowhow and organizational barriers and technical barriers (communication and data exchange). To address this challenge, EPISECC analysis three defining factors: 1) Past responses to critical events and disasters in terms of time and cost; 2) The data and data management tool used by crisis managers and first responders, and 3) The organisational structures of the crisis managers and first responders. This analysis will enable the definition of a concept for a common information space. A requirement for a successful pan European information space is the definition of a common taxonomy. The common information space, which implies an EU wide standardization activity, will widen the EU wide market for organization developing solutions and tools for crisis management.




INTACT helps critical infrastructure to become more resilient and responsive in advance of the different extreme weather conditions across Europe. INTACT brings together innovative and cutting edge knowledge and experience in Europe in order to develop and demonstrate best practices in engineering, materials construction, planning and designing protective measures as well as crisis response and recovery capabilities. All this will culminate in the INTACT Wiki. Be Prepared, Stay INTACT!



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PREDICT (PREparing for the Domino effect in Crisis siTuations) is a three year project that started in April 2014. The general objective of the PREDICT project is to deliver a comprehensive solution for dealing with cascading effects in multi-sectoral crisis situations. It aims to do so by developing software tools based on models of cascading effects. PREDICT has ten partners from six European countries.



EOS prod logotype-POPalert project

POP-ALERT is a two year project that started in 2014. The main objective of POP-ALERT is to prepare societies and populations to cope with crisis and disasters in a rapid, effective and efficient way by blending traditional crisis preparedness and first reaction strategies with the use of innovative and contemporary tools. It aims to do so by developing mechanisms on how best to alert and support action by citizens under crisis conditions in familiar and unfamiliar surroundings using generic methodologies, strategies, training and a mix of technologies designed to improve population preparedness and increase community resilience. POP-ALERT seeks to improve the current practices revolving around the use of messaging and cultural sharing technologies to create awareness using technologies and approaches that offer the best form of accessibility and penetration by citizens and authorities.




TACTIC (Tools, methods And training for CommuniTies and society to better prepare for a Crisis) is a two year project that started in May 2014. The aim of the project is to increase preparedness to large-scale and cross-border disasters. The project develops education and training strategies and practices that are embedded in an overarching long-term learning framework. Among other activities, Trilateral is involved in conducting a case study on effective community preparedness towards an act of terror. TACTIC has seven partners, of which Trilateral Research and Consulting is also involved in FORTRESS.


FORTRESS also collaborated with the COSMIC project which finished spring 2015.



COSMIC (the Contribution of Social Media In Crisis management) was a two year project that finished in April 2015. The COSMIC project identified the most effective ways to use new information and communication technologies (ICTs) in crisis situations for the protection of ordinary citizens. It aimed to ensure better linkages between prevention, detection, reporting and rescue in crisis situations as well as assisting officials and first responders in using new ICTs and applications to be more effective and efficient during crises. COSMIC had seven partners, of which one, Trilateral Research and Consulting, is also involved in FORTRESS. Whilst working on COSMIC, Trilateral worked towards bridging relevant lessons learned between the projects.


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Increasing disaster Resilience by establishing a sustainable process to support Standardisation of technologies and services

ResiStand is a two -year Coordination and Support Action (CSA) that aims to identify new ways to improve the crisis management and disaster resilience capabilities of the European Union and individual Member States through standardisation. The project started in May 2016 and will continue until April 2018. ResiStand will identify and analyse the drivers, constraints and expectations of three main stakeholder communities: standardisation organisations through the Standards Advisory Group, the End-User Community and the Supplier Community, consisting of researchers, industry and SMEs. ResiStand’s partners will work with these communities to identify standardisation gaps and to create a prioritised roadmap for new initiatives. The roadmap will be complemented by a critical evaluation of standards as a tool to improve disaster resilience. Additionally, ResiStand will implement a pre-standardisation process that supports the development of standards and bridges the gap between research and standardisation in the area of crisis management and disaster resilience. To test the feasibility of this process and encourage the continued use of the “ResiStand Process”, ResiStand will propose a new work item to a Technical Committee.

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