Research & deliverables

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The FORTRESS project’s research covers ten Work Packages (WPs). Each of these WPs will produce several deliverables. Upon completion of the relevant work, copies of deliverables available to the public will be posted on this page. To stay up-to-date with the project, please contact us.

WP1: Problem structuring and conceptual model

WP1: Problem structuring and conceptual model aims to map the knowledge on interdependencies between different sectors of society and to examine what role cascading effects play in the emergence of disasters. Additionally, it will review and map state-of-the-art methods and tools being used for decision support, simulation, and planning/training for the cascading effects of societal crisis and disruption. It will also set up a general morphological analysis (GMA) on the knowledge collated (including the knowledge from WP2) to investigate, map and bound the total problem space that the project addresses. Deliverables of WP1 are:


WP2: Balancing vulnerability & resilience 

WP2: Balancing vulnerability & resilience aims to understand upstream issues, including how crises and cascading effects from crises could be avoided, and aims to identify and examine pathogenic factors such as originators, dependencies, and aggravating factors as well as resilient factors of a system. Research is carried out with the aim to better understand the concepts of resilience and vulnerability as they relate to cascading effects in crisis situations. Deliverables of WP2 are:


WP3: Reconstruction of crises and crises decision processes

WP3: Reconstruction of crises and crises decision processes aims to identify, understand and structure in a systematic classification the major challenges of decision making that are associated with typical cascading crisis situations. Research will review past crisis events, examples of internal and inter-organisational cooperation and communication as well as the structure and processes of decision and policy making. Additionally, it aims to understand multi-organisational risk management and communication in different scenarios focusing on: a) interdependencies of systems, b) decision making and its consequences for the crisis development, and c) evolving cascading effects to generate decision models. The decision making processes of the selected crises are reconstructed, actors and places of decision making and interventions are identified, types of decision making differentiated and decision trees compared. Deliverables of WP3 are:


WP4: System analyses 

WP4: System analyses aims to conduct a systematic analysis of mutual depended infrastructure systems involved in each of the four scenario case studies that imply different challenges to crisis managers as crisis managers have to cooperate across different kinds of orders: national, sectorial, and organisational. In doing so, this research takes into account relations between experts and practices, and between objects and technologies. Additionally, nodes as well as weak spots within the inter-sectorial webs or networks will be identified, and lacks in terms of necessary knowledge and action competences will be determined.

  • D4.1) Descriptions of the methodology applied – Internal deliverable [submitted September 2014]
  • D4.2) Case study reports on system interdependencies – Internal deliverable [submitted July 2015]
  • D4.3) Summary scenario reports on each validated and extended case study – Internal deliverable [submitted October 2015]
  • D4.4) Revision of D3.5 – Internal deliverable [submitted October 2015]


WP5: Behavioural analysis: activities, communication and decision points 

WP5: Behavioural analysis: activities, communication and decision points aims to analyse and determine the information and communication demands and behavioural intentions of risk professionals and public authorities. It will design four simulation exercises  to be carried out in the four scenarios to assess in detail how unfolding crises are communicated among crisis managers as well as to the public. It will be examined how plans and behaviours determine crisis communication and how cascading and cross-border effects could be managed better. Deliverables of WP5 are:


WP6: Modelling cascading effects 

WP6: Modelling cascading effects aims to consolidate main research results obtained in previous WPs with the objective of designing and developing generic and complete models of the cascading and cross-border effects in crisis situations, and providing a methodology and a tool for consistent, evidence-based building of scenarios for crisis events. It will develop the FORTRESS Scenario builder: a collaborative platform for distributed modelling of crisis scenarios. This platform will be used to develop different models that will provide a common basis for the description of different crisis scenarios, formally grouping aspects as different originators, dependencies, vulnerability and resilient factors, and human activity data. WP6 has four internal deliverables.

  • D6.1 Workflow modelling methodologies, languages and tools identification – Internal deliverable [submitted April 2015]
  • D6.2 Beta version of FORTRESS scenario builder and models, Prototype – Internal deliverable  [submitted October 2015]
  • D6.3 Test of the beta version of the FORTRESS scenario builder and models – Internal deliverable [submitted December 2015]
  • D6.4 Final version of the FORTRESS scenario builder and models – Internal deliverable [submitted February 2016]


WP7: Incident evolution tool 

WP7: Incident evolution tool  aims to design and develop the FORTRESS Incident Evolution Tool

(FIET) user-friendly tool to assist decision-making in cascading crisis scenarios in inter-sectorial and cross-border settings. FIET will integrate a range of models and features enabling crisis managers and decision makers to create a common operational picture, and it therefore tries to ensure a high degree of situational and mutual awareness and reflexivity. Deliverables of WP7 are:

  • D7.1) Methodology on end-user engagement [submitted December 2014]
  • D7.2) FIET specifications, architecture, ICD and GUI – Internal deliverable [due June 2016]
  • D7.3) FIET simulator, foresight and management tools – Internal deliverable [due February 2017]
  • D7.4) FIET tests and results – Internal deliverable [due February 2017]
  • D7.5) Cross-border content interconnectivity tool [due July 2016]
  • D7.6) Symposium report – Internal deliverable [submitted month 16]


WP8: Field tests and trainings

WP8: Field tests and trainings aims to test the utility, efficacy and user-friendliness of the FORTRESS Incident Evolution Tool (FIET) with a group of engaged stakeholders who would use it to assist in crisis management. Additionally, based on user experiences and testing activities, it will develop a training manual for the FIET. It also aims to develop a demonstration and tutorial video for the FIET based on the training manual. Deliverables of WP8 are:

  • D8.1) Field test protocol/specifications – Internal deliverable [submitted August 2016]
  • D8.2) Report on user perspectives – Internal deliverable [due December 2016]
  • D8.3) Training manual for the FIET [due February 2017]
  • D8.4) The demonstration and tutorial video [due February 2017]
  • D8.5) Field test report [due February 2017]


WP9: Dissemination

WP9: Dissemination aims to identify and reach stakeholders in order to raise awareness about FORTRESS’ research and findings and to encourage them to support recommendations. Additionally it will create a stakeholder contact list, liaise with the associated partners, create and maintain the project’s website, prepare dissemination items, prepare a final report and briefing paper, and convene a final conference. Deliverables of WP9 are:

  • D9.1) The FORTRESS dissemination and exploitation plan [ submitted June 2014]
  • D9.2) Website [created June 2014]
  • D9.3) The FORTRESS kick-off film [submitted September 2014] – the video can be found on the homepage.
  • D9.4) The FORTRESS dissemination film [due March 2017]
  • D9.5) Project briefing paper [due February 2017]
  • D9.6) Final report – Internal deliverable [due March 2017]
  • D9.7) Deliverable on the proceedings of the project’s final conference [due March 2017]
  • D9.8) Dissemination and exploitation report [due March 2017]
  • D9.9) Annual newsletter [submitted March 2015]
  • D9.10) Annual newsletter [submitted March 2016]
  • D9.11) Annual newsletter [due March 2017]


WP10: Management

WP10: Management ensures the continuous and smooth progress of the project throughout its lifetime. WP10 has five internal deliverables.

  • D10.1) Management Report –Internal deliverable [submitted January 2015]
  • D10.2) Management Report – Internal deliverable [submitted June 2016]
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